Chemical Process and Design Handbook

Daftar isi:

Part 1 Reaction Types

Alkylation / 1.3
Amination / 1.6
Condensation and Addition / 1.12
Dehydration / 1.13
Dehydrogenation / 1.14
Esterfication / 1.16
Ethynylation / 1.17
Fermentation / 1.18
Friedel-Crafts Reactions / 1.19
Halogenation / 1.21
Hydration and Hydrolysis / 1.24
Hydroformylation / 1.27
Hydrogenation / 1.29
Nitration / 1.32
Oxidation / 1.36
Oxo Reaction / 1.40
Polymerization / 1.41
Sulfonation / 1.43
Vinylation / 1.46

Part 2 Manufacture of Chemicals

Acetaldehyde / 2.3
Acetal Resins / 2.7
Acetaminophen / 2.10
Acetic Acid / 2.11
Acetic Anhydride / 2.14
Acetone / 2.16
Acetone Cyanohydrin / 2.18
Acetophenetidine / 2.19
Acetylene / 2.20
Acrolein / 2.23
Acrylic Acid / 2.25
Acrylic Resins / 2.27
Acrylonitrile / 2.28
Adipic Acid / 2.30
Adiponitrile / 2.32
Alcohols, Linear Ethoxylated / 2.33
Alkanolamines / 2.34
Alkyd Resins / 2.36
Alkylbenzenes, Linear / 2.38
Allyl Alcohol / 2.39
Alumina / 2.42
Aluminum / 2.44
Aluminum Chloride / 2.45
Aluminum Sulfate / 2.46
Amitriptyline / 2.47
Ammonia / 2.49
Ammonium Chloride / 2.52
Ammonium Nitrate / 2.53
Ammonium Phosphate / 2.56
Ammonium Picrate / 2.58
Ammonium Sulfate / 2.59
Aniline / 2.60
Anisaldehyde / 2.61
Antibiotics / 2.62
Antihistamines / 2.63
Argon / 2.65
Aspirin / 2.66
Barbital / 2.67
Barbiturates / 2.68
Barium Carbonate / 2.69
Barium Salts / 2.70
Barium Sulfate / 2.71
Barium Sulfide / 2.72
Bauxite / 2.73
Benzaldehyde / 2.74
Benzene / 2.75
Benzine / 2.80
Benzodiazepines / 2.81
Benzoic Acid / 2.83
Benzyl Acetate / 2.84
Benzyl Alcohol / 2.85
Bisphenol A / 2.86
Borax / 2.87
Boron Compounds / 2.88
Bromal / 2.89
Bromine / 2.90
Bromoacetaldehyde / 2.92
BTX Aromatics / 2.93
Butadiene / 2.95
Butane / 2.98
Butanediol / 2.99
Iso-butane / 2.102
Butene-1 / 2.103
Butenediol / 2.104
Iso-butene / 2.106
n-Butene / 2.107
Butyl Acrylate / 2.108
Iso-butyl Alcohol / 2.109
n-Butyl Alcohol / 2.110
t-Butyl Alcohol / 2.111
Butyl Vinyl Ether / 2.112
Butynediol / 2.113
Iso-butyraldehyde / 2.115
n-Butryaldehyde / 2.116
Butyrolactone / 2.118
Caffeine, Theobromine, and Theophylline / 2.119
Calcite / 2.120
Calcium Acetate / 2.121
Calcium Arsenate / 2.122
Calcium Bromide / 2.123
Calcium Carbonate / 2.124
Calcium Chloride / 2.126
Calcium Fluoride / 2.127
Calcium Hypochlorite / 2.128
Calcium Iodide / 2.129
Calcium Lactate / 2.130
Calcium Oxide / 2.131
Calcium Phosphate / 2.134
Calcium Soaps / 2.135
Calcium Sulfate / 2.136
Calcium Sulfide / 2.137
Caprolactam / 2.138
Carbon / 2.141
Carbon Black / 2.146
Carbon Dioxide / 2.147
Carbon Monoxide / 2.150
Carbon Tetrachloride / 2.151
Cellulose / 2.152
Cellulose Acetate / 2.153
Cellulose Nitrate / 2.154
Cement / 2.156
Cephalosporins / 2.158
Chloral / 2.159
Chlorinated Solvents / 2.160
Chlorine / 2.161
Chlorine Dioxide / 2.164
Chloroacetaldehyde / 2.165
Chlorofluorocarbons / 2.166
Chloroform / 2.167
Chloroprene / 2.168
Chromic Oxide / 2.169
Cimetidine / 2.170
Cinnamic Aldehyde / 2.171
Citric Acid / 2.172
Coal Chemicals / 2.174
Cocaine / 2.179
Codeine / 2.180
Coke / 2.181
Copper Sulfate / 2.182
Cumene / 2.183
Cyclohexane / 2.185
Cyclohexanol / 2.186
Cyclohexanone / 2.187
Darvon / 2.188
Detergents / 2.190
Diazepam / 2.193
Diazodinitrophenol / 2.194
Diethylene Glycol / 2.195
Diethyl Sulfate / 2.196
Dihydrooxyacetone / 2.197
Dimethyl Sulfate / 2.198
Dimethyl Terephthalate / 2.199
2,4- and 2,6-Dinitrotoluene / 2.200
Diphenyl Ether / 2.201
CONTENTS vii
Dyazide / 2.202
Dyes / 2.203
Dynamite / 2.205
Epoxy Resins / 2.206
Erythromycin / 2.207
Ethane / 2.208
Ethanolamines / 2.209
Ether / 2.211
Ethyl Acetate / 2.212
Ethyl Alcohol / 2.213
Ethylbenzene / 2.218
Ethylene / 2.220
Ethylene Dichloride / 2.225
Ethylene Glycol / 2.227
Ethylene Oxide / 2.229
Ethylhexanol / 2.231
Ethyl Vinyl Ether / 2.232
Explosive D / 2.233
Explosives / 2.234
Ferric Oxide / 2.235
Ferrocyanide Blue / 2.236
Fertilixers / 2.237
Fluorine / 2.240
Fluorocarbons / 2.242
Formaldehyde / 2.244
Furosemide / 2.246
Gasoline / 2.247
Glass / 2.249
Glutamic Acid / 2.250
Glycerol / 2.251
Graphite / 2.254
Gypsum / 2.255
Helium / 2.256
Herbicides / 2.257
Hexamethylenediamine / 2.258
Hexamethylenetetramine / 2.259
Hexamine / 2.260
Hexanes / 2.261
Hexylresorcinol / 2.262
Hydrochloric Acid / 2.263
Hydrofluoric Acid / 2.265
Hydrogen / 2.266
Hydrogen Cyanide / 2.269
Hydrogen Peroxide / 2.270
Ibuprofen / 2.271
Insecticides / 2.272
Insulin / 2.274
Iodine / 2.276
Isoniazid / 2.279
Isoprene / 2.280
Iso-propyl Alcohol / 2.281
Isoquinoline / 2.282
Kerosene / 2.283
Kevlar / 2.284
Krypton / 2.285
Lactic Acid / 2.286
Lead Azide / 2.287
Lead Carbonate / 2.288
Lead Chromate / 2.290
Lead Styphnate / 2.291
Lignon / 2.292
Lignosulfonates / 2.293
Lime / 2.294
Linear Alpha Olefins / 2.295
Liquefied Petroleum Gas / 2.296
Lithium Salts / 2.297
Lithopone / 2.298
Magnesium / 2.300
Magnesium Carbonate / 2.303
Magnesium Chloride / 2.304
Magnesium Compounds / 2.305
Magnesium Hydroxide / 2.307
Magnesium Oxide / 2.308
Magnesium Peroxide / 2.309
Magnesium Silicate / 2.310
Magnesium Sulfate / 2.311
Malathion / 2.312
Maleic Acid / 2.313
Maleic Anhydride / 2.314
Melamine Resins (Malamine-Formadehyde Polymers) / 2.316
Mercury Fulminate / 2.317
Metaldehyde / 2.318
Methane / 2.319
Methyl Acetate / 2.321
Methyl Alcohol / 2.322
Methylamines / 2.324
Methyl Chloride / 2.325
Methylene Chloride / 2.326
Methylene Diphenyl Diisocyanate / 2.327
Methyl Ethyl Ketone / 2.328
Methyl Mathacrylate / 2.330
Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether / 2.331
Methyl Vinyl Ether / 2.333
Molybdenum Compounds / 2.334
Monosodium Glutamate / 2.335
Morphine / 2.337
Naphtha / 2.339
Napthalene / 2.344
Natural Gas / 2.346
Natural Gas (Substitute) / 2.349
Neon / 2.351
Nicotine / 2.352
Nicotinic Acid and Nicotinamide / 2.353
Nitric Acid / 2.354
Nitrobenzene / 2.356
Nitrocellulose / 2.357
Nitrogen / 2.358
Nitroglycerin / 2.361
Nitrous Oxide / 2.363
Nonene / 2.364
Novocaine / 2.365
Nylon / 2.366
Ocher / 2.367
Iso-octane / 2.368
Oxygen / 2.369
Paints / 2.371
n-Paraffins / 2.373
Paraldehyde / 2.374
Penicillin / 2.375
Pentaerythritol / 2.376
Peracetic Acid / 2.379
Perchloroethylene / 2.380
PETN / 2.381
Petrochemicals / 2.382
Phenobarbital / 2.388
Phenol / 2.389
Phenolic Resins / 2.392
Phenolphthalein / 2.394
Phenothiazines / 2.395
Phenylethyl Alcohol / 2.396
Phosgene / 2.397
Phosphoric Acid / 2.398
Phosphorus / 2.401
Phthalic Acid / 2.403
Phthalic Anhydride / 2.404
Phthalocyanine Blue / 2.405
Phthalocyanine Green / 2.406
Picric Acid / 2.407
Piperazine Citrate / 2.408
Polyacetaldehyde / 2.409
Polyamides / 2.410
Polycarbonates / 2.412
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / 2.413
Polyesters / 2.414
Polyesters (Unsaturated) / 2.416
Polyhydric Alcohols / 2.417
Polyimides / 2.418
Polysulfones / 2.419
Polyurethane Foams / 2.420
Potassium Chlorate / 2.421
Potassium Compounds / 2.422
Potassium Hydroxide / 2.423
Potassium Nitrate / 2.424
Potassium Perchlorate / 2.425
Producer Gas / 2.426
Propane / 2.427
Propanol Hydrochloride / 2.428
Propargyl Alcohol / 2.429
Propene / 2.431
Iso-propyl Alcohol / 2.433
Propylene Glycol / 2.434
Propylene Oxide / 2.435
Pulp and Paper Chemicals / 2.438
Pyridine / 2.440
Pyrophosphates / 2.441
Quinoline / 2.442
Iso-quinoline / 2.443
Rare Gases / 2.444
RDX / 2.446
Red Lead / 2.447
Reserpine / 2.448
Rotenone / 2.449
Rubber (Natural) / 2.450
Rubber (Synthetic) / 2.451
Salicylic Acid / 2.453
Silica Gel / 2.455
Silver Sulfate / 2.456
Soap / 2.457
Sodium / 2.459
Sodium Bicarbonate / 2.460
Sodium Bisulfite / 2.461
Sodium Carbonate / 2.462
Sodium Chlorate / 2.465
Sodium Chloride / 2.467
Sodium Chlorite / 2.469
Sodium Dichromate / 2.470
Sodium Hydroxide / 2.472
Sodium Hypochlorite / 2.475
Sodium Metabisulfite / 2.476
Sodium Nitrate / 2.477
Sodium Perchlorate / 2.478
Sodium Phosphate / 2.479
Sodium Pyrosulfite / 2.480
Sodium Silicate / 2.481
Sodium Sulfate / 2.482
Sodium Sulfite / 2.483
Sodium Triphosphate / 2.484
Steroids / 2.485
Streptomycin / 2.489
Styrene / 2.490
Sulfonamides / 2.493
Sulfur / 2.494
Sulfur Dioxide / 2.496
Sulfuric Acid / 2.497
Sulfurous Acid / 2.500
Sulfur Trioxide / 2.501
Superphosphates / 2.502
Surfactants / 2.503
Surfactants (Amphoteric) / 2.504
Surfactants (Anionic) / 2.505
Surfactants (Cationic) / 2.506
Surfactants (Nonionic) / 2.507
Synthesis Gas / 2.508
Talc / 2.511
Tall Oil / 2.512
Terephthalic Acid / 2.513
Tetrachloroethylene / 2.515
Tetracyclines / 2.516
Tetrahydofuran / 2.517
Tetrazine / 2.518
Tetryl / 2.519
Titanium Dioxide / 2.520
Toluene / 2.523
Toluene Diisocyanate / 2.528
1,1,1-Trichloroethane / 2.529
Trichloroethylene / 2.530
Triethylene Glycol / 2.531
Trinitrotoluene / 2.532
Turpentine / 2.533
Urea / 2.535
Urea Resins / 2.538
Valium / 2.539
Vinyl Acetate / 2.540
Vinyl Chloride / 2.542
Vinyl Esters / 2.544
Vinyl Ethers / 2.545
Vinyl Fluoride / 2.546
Vinylidene Chloride / 2.547
Vinylidene Fluoride / 2.548
Water Gas / 2.549
Wax / 2.550
Wood Chemicals / 2.552
Xenon / 2.556
Xylenes / 2.557
Zinc Chromate / 2.561
Zinc Oxide / 2.562
Zinc Sulfate / 2.564
Zinc Sulfide / 2.565

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